Are there any Dangerous animals in Mauritius ?
Published on April 4, 2019
Published on April 4, 2019
Fortunately, there is no mortal animals in Mauritius. Some sting, some even very strong, but if you are in good health, there is no life risk. Here is the list of biting animals and what to do in case of sting. STINGS of Marine creatures : 1. Sea urchin : Their stings are not venimous, nevertheless can induce an infection as an abscess. Remove the stings with tweezers or an « aspivenin », and then disinfect the wound. Seek a medical advice in case of any complications. 2. Jellyfish : Their venom is contained in special stinging cells that stick to the victim’s skin. The poison is released when each stinging cell ruptures. Their venom is not fatal, except in case of severe allergic reaction. Do not scratch. Rinse the wound with sea water or vinegar without rubbing. Cover the wound with sand or Talcum powder, and let it dry. Take out the sand with a stiff cardboard or a clean pad for the Talcum powder, to remove all the stinging cells stick together. Rinse with sea water or vinegar. Do not touch the jellyfish when they are dead. Even dead, they sting. 3. Stonefish / Laffe la boue : The stonefish, locally called « Laffe la boue » has 13 venomous and erectile stings. Living not very deep down, in sand or in mud. Because of his faculty of mimicry, it’s very difficult to detect it. His venom is thermolabile. • Recognition : Agonizing pain reaching very quickly all the limb with oedema, marbling or cyanosis. The wound becomes black or dark blue. Some general signs as nausea, dizziness, low blood pressure, sweating, respiratory distress syndrome. • Treatment : – Immediate cleaning of the wound with sea water. – Incision of the wound by a manual manipulation to take out the spines still in the wound because they continue to release the venom. – Use a heat source, Either by immersion of the wound in very hot water, about 45°C for at least 30 minutes. Test the water first (Beware of burns !!). The sensitivity of the casualty may not be coherent because of the extreme pain. Or by exposing the wound to the incandescent extremity of a cigarette, hold at 5 to 10 mm of the skin. This exposure has to be discontinuous. Remove the cigarette as soon as the casualty has the feeling of heat. Put the cigarette again when it stops. This method exposes less to burns, and is subjective to the feelings of the casualty. The best interest is the rapid use, while to find hot water can take longer.
OTHER STINGS : 1.Hymenoptera (wasp, bee, hornet) : The hymenoptera stings are usually more painful than dangerous, and the initial pain is followed by mild swelling and soreness. • Use asap an “aspivenin” to take out as much as you can the poison. • Apply cold compress to relieve pain and minimise swelling. • If the sting is still in the wound, pluck it out firmly with fine tweezers. For a sting in the mouth, give the casualty ice to suck to minimise the swelling and arrange urgent removal to hospital. 2.The centipede : The centipede has a long body with two antennas on his head, and two venomous hooks. They can reach 20 cm long and are dark brown. • Recognition : Intense pain with oedema around the sting. The centipede of Mauritius is not dangerous except in case of allergy. Sometimes, the casualty can have fever few hours later. • Treatment : – Use asap an “aspivenin” to take out as much as you can the poison. – Apply cold compress to relieve pain and minimise swelling. – Desinfect the wound and raising the injured part to minimise swelling; Check for few days and seek a medical advice in case of any complication. For children, see a doctor.